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EDIP YŮKSEL (1957 – )
Kurdish Turkish-American Edip Yüksel (1957 – ) created in 2007 a controversial (Quranist) progressive translation of the Quran. He sees himself as a reformer similar to how Martin Luther had founded the Protestant Reformation in 1517.
SURFACE MEANING AND DEEPER MEANINGS
According to Pakistani nuclear physicist and writer Pervez Hoodbhoy, the 9th century scientist and philosopher al-Kindi wrote that if a Quran verse contradicts reality, then the verse has a literal surface meaning and a deeper meaning.
NURI AND HOQUE
The 1964, Nuri and Hoque wrote perhaps the first interpretation to find numerous revelations of science in the Quran.
RASHAD KHALIFA (1935 – 1990)
Rashad Khalifa was an Egyptian-American Muslim biochemist who in 1981 did a Quranist translation of the Quran, which means he did not examine the hadiths to help him determine the meaning of Quran verses. He was the first to claim the Quran says the Earth is shaped like an ostrich egg.
38 Saudi scholars issued a fatwa against him. He was assassinated in 1990.
Harun Yahya (1956 – )
(his real name is Adnan Oktar) is a Turkish author who opposes Darwin’s theory of evolution. He claims scientists are atheist liars who follow Karl Marks [sic].
Harun Yahya writes about Quran coincidence miracles.
Seyyed) Hossein Nasr (1933 – ) is an Iranian who opposes modern science, claiming modern science uses only reason, and modern science rejects revelation.
Other Muslims, often Muslims who know very little about science, have written books advocating Islamic science, with Ziauddin Sardar (1951 – ) accusing the other writers of wanting to change Islam instead of changing science.
Dr. Rana Dajani teaches her female students in Jordan that if a man gives a Quran interpretation that disagrees with the facts of science, women should use their brains and accept that humans evolved from ape-like ancestors.
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