WHERE DOES THE SUN GO WHEN IT SETS?

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This is the newest post in category QURAN ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS.

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The Quran in Arabic originally said that the sun at sunset goes to its resting place. An Arabic version used during the Islamic Golden Age says “term appointed”. The “resting place” version was soon restored, but in around 1940 the “term appointed” version of the Arabic was revived. [English translations done prior to 1940 had no Arabic, and reprints of them done after 1940 add the “term appointed”.Arabic even if the English words say “resting place”.]
Muhammad Asad in around 1980 published 2 printings of his translation of the Quran. The original printing botches the explanation of the 2 pronunciations of verse 36:38
The revised printing corrects the error, and its revised footnote adds that the conventional [traditional] “lā mustaqarra lahā” “resting place” recitation is from the “frequently cited” source “Tafsir al-Kabir” [written around the year 1200 by the Persian theologian al-Razi.]

The ‘Alī Qulī Qarā”ī 2003 translation of Quran verse 36:38 is one of the few newly written translations to prefer the “place of rest” version of the Arabic. “The reading li-mustaqarrin lahā seems to have been suggested and reinforced by the popular astronomical notions of the [modern] age.”.

Farook Malik translates Quran verse 18:27 as “no one is authorized to change His Words and if you dare to make any change, you will find no refuge to protect you from Him”.
But Quran verse 15:9 says Allah will preserve the Quran, and not permit the words of the Quran to be changed.
Most translators say the sun sets in a murky spring, but a few mistranslate it as setting in a sea such as the Black Sea, perhaps to imply that the sun only appears to set there.
end of synopsis > Continue reading WHERE DOES THE SUN GO WHEN IT SETS?

ALEXANDER’S WALL

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Quran verses 18:95-97 is an exaggerated telling of either of 2 false legends about Alexander The Great building a wall or gate to keep out the Gog and Magog barbarians. Actually both structures were built by pre-Islamic Persians, not by Alexander The Great.
The verses 18:95-97 claim that the wall is made of iron covered with copper. Iron is stronger but rusts. Copper does not rust, instead forming a green protective layer.
This is not a miracle Quran revelation of copper technology unknown at the time of Mohammed, but a technology known by many ancient civilizations, including the Romans
end of synopsis > Continue reading ALEXANDER’S WALL

LOWEST HEAVEN

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CEILING LAMPS
Quran verses 67:5 and 79:28 say the sky is a ceiling with lamps hanging from it.
[The ceiling and roof of the lowest heaven is closer to the Earth than the first heaven, which is where the moon is located.]
The jinn attempt to climb up to the lowest heaven, and listen to the angels talking about events of the future which Allah had told them about. The jinn then pass this information on to fortune-tellers.

In Rashad Khalifa’s interpretation of Quran verse 21:32, the sky is dscribed as a “guarded ceiling” with “portents therein”. The portents are shooting stars (ceiling lamps) the angels throw at the jinn to prevent the jinn from climbing onto the roof of the lowest heaven. The jinn are withheld permission to climb onto this roof, where the angels gather to talk.

Quran verse 81:15-16 mentions an oath on the “retreating stars that hide”. which almost certainly refers to stars not being visible after the sun rises. The 1734 interpretation of George Sale, interpreted this as the apparent retrograde motion of Mercury.

end of synopsis > Continue reading LOWEST HEAVEN

LIFE ON OTHER PLANETS

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Quran verse 17:55 mentions beings in the heavens, but it probably refers to angels..
Quran verse 21:30 about the heavens separating from the Earth has been interpreted to mean that life on Earth has spread to other planets.
Quran verse 42:29, translated by George Sale, says “Among his signs is the creation of heaven and earth, and of the living creatures with which He hath replenished them both”.
Pickthall translated Quran verse 55:29 as “in the heavens and the earth entreat Him. Every day He exerciseth (universal) power”, meaning beings not living on the Earth also pray to Allah.

Quran verse 27:25 says that Allah brings to light all that is hidden in the heavens and on Earth. The word “hidden” in this verse has been interpreted by some as meaning humans on other planets.
The Study Quran in its footnote to verse 65:12 mentions an alternate meaning to the phrase “seven heavens” that there are 7 planet Earths, presumably meaning there are humans living in other solar systems.
end of synopsis > Continue reading LIFE ON OTHER PLANETS

THE ATOM IN THE QURAN

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ELECTRON CLOUD
Quran verse 27:88 says that on Judgement Day the mountains that you thought were solid will move past like clouds.
Harun Yahya imaginatively interprets this verse as revealing that solid objects are mostly empty space, with the nucleus of an atom being small compared to the distance away of the cloud of electrons moving around it.
ELECTRONS PAIRED WITH PROTONS
Quran verse 51:49, on the day of creation when Allah created plants and animals, states that everything was created in pairs. One Muslim website interprets this as a revelation that electrons are paired with protons.
SPLIT AN ATOM
The Study Quran accurately translates verse 10:61 as the weight of a mote of dust or less rather than the currently popular interpretation of the weight of an atom or less, which implies subatomic particles.
ATOMIC BOMB
Nuri & Hoque in 1964 interpreted “heaven shall be like molten brass” in Quran verses 70:8-11 about Judgement Day as a prophecy of Americans dropping the atomic bomb in the 1940’s.
FUSION OF HYDROGEN INTO HELIUM
Harun Yahya claims that Quran verse 36:38 about the sun running to its resting place is a revelation that someday the sun will exhaust its supply of hydrogen to fuse into helium.
end of synopsis > Continue reading THE ATOM IN THE QURAN

SPACE EXPLORATION IN THE QURAN

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Quran verse 15:14. “even if We opened unto them a gate of heaven” [Pickthall] has been misinterpreted as a prediction of manned space flight.
Also claimed to predict space travel is Quran verse 55:33 that people and jinn cannot get into heaven unless Allah permits them to enter. Nuri & Hoque
Nuri & Hoque, in their footnote to Quran verse 7:25, interpreted “there [the earth] will you live and there will you die” as forbidding the establishment of settlements on the moon or planets.
end of synopsis > Continue reading SPACE EXPLORATION IN THE QURAN

SEVEN HEAVENS

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In verse 51:7 the Arabic word l-ḥubuki means physical pathways or roads.
Quran verse 36:40 says that the sun and the moon are in orbit around the Earth, and that it is “not ordained” for the sun to outpace the moon. [Actually, the sun outpaces the moon during the new moon, when the side of the moon facing the earth is not illuminated by the sun.]
Rashad Khalifa’s interpretation of 36:40 is deliberately vague. By not implying that Allah forbids it, Khalifa hid a science error in the Quran.

The Nuri & Hoque footnote to Quran verse 23:17 dishonestly redefined the 7 paths as being not the sun, moon and 5 known planets going around the Earth, but as the orbits around the sun of 7 planets.
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LUNAR YEARS AND SOLAR YEARS IN THE QURAN

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The story of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus was originally a Christian story about a group of young Christian men who slept in a cave for 300 [solar] years.
Quran verse 18:25 translated word by word, says they remained in the cave for “three hundred years add nine”, which is 309 years. Muslim websites mistranslate “300 add 9” as “300 solar years which is 309 lunar years”.This mistranslation was invented to create the false claim that the Quran must have been repeated from Allah to the angel Gabriel to the prophet Mohammed, because the prophet Mohammed could not have known how to convert solar years into lunar years.
Not only is the translation wrong, but Mohammed’s personal physician and companion was a Christian named Harith Ibn Kalada, who likely would have known this.
end of synopsis > Continue reading LUNAR YEARS AND SOLAR YEARS IN THE QURAN