WEATHER

Click here to return to HOME page.
This post is in category OTHER SCIENCES

<><><> start of synopsis ><><><><><>

Ibn Duraid Al-Azdi’s weather forecasting method was that black clouds moving like fully loaded camels climbing a sand dune indicated it would rain.

The sea captain Ahmad Ibn Mājid wrote about the typhoon.
Al-Bīrūnī incorrectly thought that the air extended all the way to the moon, and that the friction of the moon traveling through the air heats up the air at the equator.
Al-Kindi correctly wrote that rising hot air causes winds.
Muslim astrologers thought that the moon controlled the weather.
<><><> end of synopsis ><><><><><> .

desert_electric
Ibn Duraid Al-Azdi’s weather forecasting method was that black clouds moving like fully loaded camels climbing a sand dune indicated it would rain.
SEA CAPTAINS
The sea captain Ahmad Ibn Mājid (1421 – ?) wrote about the typhoon that arrives on approximately the 40th day of the year, which “cuts up the clouds as if they were cow skins”. He wrote about lightning, whirlpools, and the water being warm.

In the year 1511, the Indian Ocean sea captain Sulaymān al-Mahrī wrote the obvious fact that during the monsoon season of late summer, it often begins to rain in the afternoon.

Sulaiman Al Mahri (1480 – 1550) wrote that approaching typhoons increase the amount of dust in the air, and bring lightning. “The sky has clouds like cow skins; and on top of those cumulating clouds”.


NILE FLOODS
Muslims have kept records for over a thousand years of the height of the Nile River at flood season. This data has  been used by modern non-Muslim scientists studying climate change.

LUNAR MANSIONS
Some Muslims believed that weather was caused by which lunar mansion of the year it was.

ARISTOTLE
Al-Isfizārī (1050 – 1110) wrote about the meteorology of Aristotle.

CLIMATE ZONES
Al-Khwarizmi’s (780 – 850) division of the Earth into 7 climes [climate zones] was copied from Ptolemy.

RISING HOT AIR CAUSES WINDS
Al-Kindi (801-873), living in Baghdad, was the first to write that winds are caused by the sun heating air, causing the air to rise. This is quite different from Theophrastus (371 BC – 287 BC), who wrote that the sun attracts air upward, and that wind was caused by the sun evaporating water. [But the Romans had created winds (by building small fires inside mostly wooden chimneys) to ventilate tunnels and mines.]

ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA
Al-Nayrizi (865–922) was a Persian who wrote the book “On Atmospheric Phenomena”.

MOON MOVING THROUGH EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE HEATS THE TROPICS
Al-Bīrūnī (973 – 1048) incorrectly thought that the air extended all the way to the Moon, and that the friction of the Moon traveling through the air heats up the air. Since the Moon is closer to the equator than to the poles, he incorrectly wrote that this explains why air is warmer at the equator than hichat the poles.

Image by Jessie Eastland, via Wikimedia Commons.
image credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Desert_Electric.jpg#mw-jump-to-license

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s