AGRICULTURE

Click here to return to HOME page.
This post is in category OTHER SCIENCES

<><><> start of synopsis ><><><><><>

Muslims copied from the Chinese the grafting of the fruit-producing branches of one tree to the roots of another tree.
Muslims also copied the idea of compacting the soil around fruit trees, which probably did more harm than good.
Muslims were the first to cultivate the tulip.
They were not the first to rotate crops.
Muslims brought crops they found on lands they conquered to other parts of their empire. Some other posts about agriculture are in the GOLDEN AGE CULTURAL group and the GOLDEN AGE FOOD AND PERSONAL ITEMS group.
<><><> end of synopsis ><><><><><> .

zweijahrige-geisfusveredelu

triangular graft of one plant onto roots of another
Muslims copied from the Chinese the grafting of the fruit-producing branches of one tree to the roots of another tree.

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AGRICULTURE
Ibn al-‘Awwam (1120? –  1185) of Muslim Spain wrote an encyclopedia of agriculture, citing the writings of hundreds of Muslim and Greek authors. It explained grafting of fruit tree branches (invented by the Chinese prior to the year 2000 BC), and suggested deliberately compacting the soil over fruit tree roots (a very bad idea that kills the roots).

AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
In 1974 the historian Andrew Watson falsely claimed that Muslims invented the widespread cultivation of durum wheat, rice, sorghum and cotton during an “Islamic Agricultural Revolution” of the 8th through 13th centuries. Actually, Muslims borrowed large scale growing of these crops from the (pagan and Christian) Roman Empire and from the (mostly Zoroastrian) Sassanid Empire, which had been growing these crops centuries before Islam.

CROP ROTATION
Muslims did not invent crop rotation. Actually, farmers in the Middle East in 6000 BC alternated between growing legumes and growing cereals.

TULIPS
Around the 10th century, Muslims in Persia were the first to cultivate the tulip.

CROPS BORROWED FROM OTHER COUNTRIES
Lemons (China), rhubarb (China), ginger (China), apricots (China or India), and melons (grown in the Middle East in pre-Islamic times) were not discoveries of Muslims.

Image by Kobako, via Wikimedia Commons.
image credit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Zweij%C3%A4hrige-Gei%C3%9Ffu%C3%9Fveredelu.jpg

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s