ROUND WINDOWS AND STAINED GLASS

 

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Romans used round windows.
Christians invented stained glass.
Muslim websites falsely claim that the design of rose windows of European cathedrals was copied from a round window at the Khirbat al-Mafjar palace. But the window at the Muslim palace was very primitive, made of thick stone.

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baths_of_diocletian-antmoose1-1-1-1

round window at a 3rd century Roman bath (The panes of glass were added in modern times.)

Image by Anthony M. Antmoose, via Wikimedia Commons.
Image was cropped and resized by William Siepmann.
image credit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Baths_of_Diocletian-Antmoose1.jpg


STAINED GLASS
The en.wikipedia article on stained glass says “In early Christian churches of the 4th and 5th centuries, there are many remaining windows which are filled with ornate patterns of thinly-sliced alabaster set into wooden frames, giving a stained-glass like effect. Evidence of stained glass windows in churches and monasteries in Britain can be found as early as the 7th century. The earliest known reference dates from 675 AD when Benedict Biscop imported workmen from France to glaze the windows of the monastery of St Peter which he was building at Monkwearmouth. Hundreds of pieces of coloured glass and lead, dating back to the late 7th century, have been discovered here and at Jarrow.“


ROUND WINDOW FROM 8TH CENTURY MUSLIM PALACE NEAR JERICHO

hishams_palace_window_author_mdarter-1-1600x1200

Image by Michael Darter, via Wikimedia Commons.
Image resized by William Siepmann.
image credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hishams_Palace_window_Author_MDarter.jpg#mw-jump-to-license

Muslim websites falsely claim that the design of rose windows of European cathedrals was copied from this round window at the Khirbat al-Mafjar palace.


ROSE WINDOW
chartres_cathedral-3166x4749-1-2-1996x2320Image by Tony Hisgett, via Wikimedia Commons.
Image was cropped and resized by William Siepmann.
Image credit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chartres_Cathedral
the rose window of the Chartres Cathedral in France

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