NUTCRACKER, WHEELBARROW, BLOCK AND TACKLE AND TONGS

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An article at MuslimHeritage.com
falsely gives credit to Muslims for contributing to the invention of the nutcracker, wheelbarrow, block and tackle, and tongs. Their reasoning is a claim that a Greek book about the 5 simple machines of the ancient Greeks (lever, windlass, pulley, wedge, and screw) was translated into Arabic and led to the invention of those devices.
Actually, wheelbarrows, the block and tackle and tongs were used in pre-Islamic times. The nutcracker was invented in the 15th century in what is now Germany, but it is a stretch to claim this invention was a result of 12th century Latin translations of Arabic translations of Greek books about levers.

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696px-nutcrackers

nutcrackers

A MUSLIM TRANSLATION OF A GREEK BOOK ABOUT THE 5 SIMPLE MACHINES DID NOT LEAD TO THESE INVENTIONS

An article at MuslimHeritage.com
falsely gives credit to Muslims for contributing to the invention of the nutcracker, wheelbarrow, block and tackle, and tongs. Their reasoning is a claim that a Greek book about the 5 simple machines of the ancient Greeks (lever, windlass, pulley, wedge, and screw) was translated into Arabic and led to the invention of those devices.

The nutcracker of “The Nutcracker Suite” was invented in the 15th century in what is now Germany, but it is a stretch to claim this invention was a result of 12th century Latin translations of Arabic translations of Greek books about levers.

Wheelbarrows may have originated in China, and were used in 407 BC by Greeks building the temple of Eleusis.


The block and tackle was used by the Greeks and Romans and was described in the book “De architectura”, written by Vitruvius in the first century, and available in Latin in many monasteries throughout the “Dark Ages”.


A Jewish text of the third century mentions tongs.


Image by Raul654, via Wikimedia Commons.
image credit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nutcrackers.jpg

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