MOSQUES

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The maqsura dome of the Great Mosque of Córdoba in 784 was unique, but not a precursor of the cathedrals. Like the Roman Pantheon built in the year 128, the mosque mounted the dome atop a rotunda. The arches of the Roman Pantheon met at the top of the dome. But the Córdoba mosque dome had 8 piers, with each arch connecting piers 2 piers apart.

Most of the largest mosques in the Ottoman Empire were designed by a Muslim convert from Christianity who copied from the designs of churches.

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The maqsura dome of the Great Mosque of Córdoba in 784 was unique, but not a precursor of the cathedrals. Like the Roman Pantheon built in the year 128, the mosque mounted the dome atop a rotunda.
The arches of the Roman Pantheon met at the top of the dome. But the Córdoba mosque dome had 8 piers, with each arch connecting piers 2 piers apart [for example, an arch connects the 6th pier to the 8th pier] instead of the usual 4 piers apart [an arch connects the 4th pier to the 8th pier], resulting in the arches not reaching the top of the dome.


MISLEADING EN.WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE
The en.wikipedia article on the the Great Mosque of Córdoba makes several false claims.
This mosque does not contain ribbed vaults. Ribbed vaults are a Christian Middle Ages invention used above the intersection of barrel vaults to reinforce the ceiling (an improvement over the Roman groin vault). This mosque merely has stone ribs/arches bearing the load of the brick dome.
Earlier Roman domes were stronger than the dome of this mosque because Romans, instead of using brick in their domes, made their (non load-bearing) curtain walls of a strong light-weight special concrete made of pumice and Portland cement.
The accidental pointed shape at the intersection of the arches of this mosque do not provide reinforcement where the reinforcement is needed, and is not related to the invention of arches that had a point at the top. See the Pointed Arches post for information about pointed arches.

260px-Hagia-Sophia-Laengsschnitt

Hagia Sophia

Another building that copied elements from the Roman Pantheon was the Byzantine-built Hagia Sophia.

The Ottoman Empire architect Mimar Sinan was raised as a Christian, did not convert to Islam until after he was drafted into the army, and based his mosque designs on the design of Byzantine Empire Christian churches.,especially the Hagia Sophia.


Image by Alex Proimos, via Wikimedia Commons.
image credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maqsura_de_la_Gran_Mezquita_de_C%C3%B3rdoba_(Espa%C3%B1a).jpg#mw-jump-to-license

Another building that copied elements from the Roman Pantheon was the Byzantine-built Hagia Sophia.

The Ottoman Empire architect Mimar Sinan was raised as a Christian, did not convert to Islam until after he was drafted into the army, and based his mosque designs on the design of Byzantine Empire Christian churches.,especially the Hagia Sophia.

Image by Wilhelm Lübke / Max Semrau, via Wikimedia Commons.

image credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hagia-Sophia-Laengsschnitt.jpg#mw-jump-to-license

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