HUMAN EVOLUTION AND THE QURAN

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This post is in category QURAN HUMAN BIOLOGY.

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HUMAN FOSSILS
Quran chapter 17 verses 49-51 say that even if a man is turned to stone, Allah can resurrect him on Judgement Day. Harun Yahya claims this is a scientific revelation about fossils. Actually, it likely refers to the myth that anyone looking at the face of the Gorgon named Medusa would be turned to stone.


EARLY HUMANS

The correct interpretation of Quran verse 76:1 might be that no legends are remembered about the activities of man during the long span of time from the creation of Adam until the time of Nuh (Noah).

George Sale translated the verse as “Did there not pass over man a long space of time; during which he was a thing not worthy of remembrance?”. Muslims respect Adam, and are reluctant to call Adam a “primitive” man.

Asad instead interpreted the verse as meaning there was a long span of time before Allah created the first man.

Quran verse 18:90 in Arabic merely says the people wore no clothes, but Nuri & Hoque adx that the people were “barbarous”.


MAN CREATED IN STAGES
Quran verse 71:14 refers to the layers of the seven heavens, but has been taken out of context and mistranslated by Rashad Khalifa and others as being about Allah making improved versions of man.


ARABS MADE TALLER
Quran verse 7:69 says that Allah made man considerably taller [at the time of Mohammed] than a tribe descended from Noah. Edip Yüksel mistranslated wazādakum as “improved” instead of “taller”.


NEW IMPROVED VERSIONS OF MAN
Edip Yüksel mistranslated verse 32:9 as “He evolved him”. The actual meaning of the Arabic word sawwāhu is fashioned or shaped.

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caveman_thinking

HUMAN FOSSILS
Quran chapter 17 verses 49-51 say that even if a man is turned to stone, Allah can resurrect him on Judgement Day. Harun Yahya claims this is a scientific revelation about fossils. Actually, it refers to the pre-Islamic myth that anyone looking at the face of the Gorgon named Medusa would be turned to stone. Part of the myth is that Perseus dipped Medusa’s severed head into the Red Sea, resulting in Medusa’s blood forming the blood red coral (species formerly named Gorgonia nobilis) that grows along the entire length of the Red Sea, including off the coast of Arabia. Mohammed had likely been told about this myth when he traveled with caravans.

EARLY HUMANS

The correct interpretation of Quran verse 76:1 might be that no legends are remembered about the activities of man during the long span of time from the creation of Adam until the time of Nuh (Noah).
George Sale translated the verse as “Did there not pass over man a long space of time; during which he was a thing not worthy of remembrance?”. The word “worthy” was added by George Sale and is not in the Quran in Arabic. Muslims respect Adam, and are reluctant to call Adam a “primitive” man.

Asad instead interpreted the verse as meaning there was a long span of time before Allah created the first man.

Nuri & Hoque list Quran verse 18:90 in the alphabetical index under the topic of “evolution” because the “barbarous” people there wore no clothing. Actually, the Quran words of verse 18:90 in Arabic say the people wore no clothes, but do not describe the people as being “barbarous”.

MAN CREATED IN STAGES
Quran verses 71:14-15 say that Allah created the seven heavens in stages, with each heaven a layer above the previous layer.  

Rashad Khalifa translated Quran verse 71:14 out of context, falsely claiming it is about stages in the evolution of man. He inserted the word “in” (which is not present in the verse in Arabic) to change “He created you stages” to “He created you in stages”. In spite of him being denounced in a tatwah and assassinated for his untraditional Quran verse translations, many recent reformist translators have copied his interpretation of this verse.
Al-Muntakhab incorrectly interprets the verse as stages of development of a fetus.

ARABS BECAME TALLER
Edip Yüksel claimed evolution [He means intelligent design by Allah] was revealed in the Quran when he mistranslated wazādakum (which means increased) as “improved” instead of “made taller”.
Quran verse 7:69 actually says that Allah made man considerably taller [at the time of Mohammed] than a tribe descended from Noah. The Quran does not say how long ago man was created, so the Quran does not prohibit the belief that Allah used modifications to dna to direct the improvement of man. This is a variation of the theological concept of “intelligent design”, not the scientific theory of random mutations and natural selection by means of survival of the fittest in a competition between members of the same species. Other possible explanations [not mentioned on Muslim websites] are that since the flood was not global, the people of Mecca may have been partly descended from taller people who were not on the ark, or that Arabs in Mecca at the time of Mohammed may have been taller than other tribes descended from Noah [and Abraham?] due to better childhood nutrition in prosperous Mecca, or perhaps due to the army of Alexander the Great adding Nordic tallness genes to the Arab gene pool.


NEW IMPROVED VERSIONS OF MAN?
Quran verse 15:29, about Allah creating man, says “fashioned him”. Edip Yüksel inaccurately translated the verse as “Once I perfect him …” and implies that Allah perfected the design of man before creating Adam.

Edip Yüksel and also the Monotheist Group mistranslated verse 32:9 as “He evolved him”. The actual meaning of the Arabic word sawwāhu is fashioned or shaped.


A 2006 survey reported 25% of Turkish Muslims agreed that human beings evolved from earlier animal species (which contradicts a literal reading of Quran verse 15:26 or 35:11 that Allah created man from mud or dust).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_views_on_evolution

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