POLITICALLY CORRECT FALSE INFORMATION IN SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN

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SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN FAILED TO FACT CHECK PROPAGANDA IT COPIED FROM “1001 INVENTIONS”
David Biello wrote the March 2, 2011 article “The Forgotten History of Muslim Scientists” for Scientific American, praising the 1001 Inventions exhibition and stretching the truth about Alhazen (ibn al-Haytham).
Actually, Alhazen was not the first person to describe the camera obscura, was not the first person to prove that light travels in a straight line, and most of his experiments repeated Greek experiments he had read about.
Alhazen did not write that refraction caused sunsets to be red but instead wrote an incorrect explanation that at sunset light travels through more air, causing the light to weaken and turn red.
The article also falsely claimed that Muslims invented algorithms and algebra. Actually, Muslims borrowed them from the Hindus and Jains.
Its claim that a Muslim university is the oldest continually operating university is not correct, it was a school that taught only the Quran and sharia law and did not become a university until about a century ago. Muslims destroyed true full universities in the lands they conquered.
The oldest continuously operating school that eventually became a university was the Ez-Zitouna University, which began as a 737 in Tunis to educate Quran scholars. [A cathedral school for educating Catholic clergy in Toledo Spain in 527 was older but no longer exists, and the University of Paris having been founded in 794 to educate Catholic clergy, is almost as old as the oldest Muslim school, taught a wide range of subjects in addition to religion, and came under new management when it broke its ties to Notre Dame Cathedral, and was closed during the French Revolution.]
All early Muslim “universities” taught only the Quran and Sharia law, and did not become full universities until about a century ago.
[David Biello is an associate editor at Scientific American and the environmental reporter for Public Radio International, which is owned by National Public Radio station WGBH and sells some of its programs to the BBC.]

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001_a01_camera_obscura_abrazolas

The camera obscura was invented by the Cahinese, and used by the Greeks and by the Byzantines prior to Muslims copying it.


SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN FAILED TO FACT CHECK PROPAGANDA IT COPIED FROM “1001 INVENTIONS”
David Biello wrote the March 2, 2011 article “The Forgotten History of Muslim Scientists” for Scientific American, praising the 1001 Inventions exhibition and stretching the truth about Alhazen (ibn al-Haytham).
Actually, Alhazen was not the first person to describe the camera obscura, was not the first person to prove that light travels in a straight line, and most of his experiments repeated Greek experiments he had read about.
Alhazen did not write that refraction caused sunsets to be red but instead wrote an incorrect explanation that at sunset light travels through more air, causing the light to weaken and turn red.
The article also falsely claimed that Muslims invented algorithms and algebra. Actually, Muslims borrowed them from the Hindus and Jains.
Its claim that a Muslim university is the oldest continually operating university is not correct, it was a school that taught only the Quran and sharia law and did not become a university until about a century ago.  Muslims destroyed true full universities in the lands they conquered.
The oldest continuously operating school that eventually became a university was the Ez-Zitouna University, which began as a 737 in Tunis to educate Quran scholars. [A cathedral school for educating Catholic clergy in Toledo Spain in 527 was older but no longer exists, and  the University of Paris having been founded in 794 to educate Catholic clergy, is almost as old as the oldest Muslim school, taught a wide range of subjects in addition to religion,  and came under new management when it broke its ties to Notre Dame Cathedral, and was closed during the French Revolution.]
All early Muslim “universities” taught only the Quran and Sharia law, and did not become full universities until about a century ago.
[David Biello is an associate editor at Scientific American and the environmental reporter for Public Radio International, which is owned by National Public Radio station WGBH and sells some of its programs to the BBC.]

Image by unknown 18th century illustrator, via Wikimedia Commons.
Image width was reduced by William Siepmann.
Image credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:001_a01_camera_obscura_abrazolas.jpg#mw-jump-to-license


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