MUSLIM CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS, GEOLOGY AND MATHEMATICS

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Iranian-American Maryam Mirzakhani earned her PhD at Harvard. She was awarded the 2014 “Nobel Prize” of mathematics] for her contributions to symmetry of curved surfaces.
Omar M. Yaghi designed compounds that have extremely high surface area and have applications in capturing and storing gases.

Ahmed H. Zewail won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1999 for his research using ultrashort picosecond laser pulses. He has criticized Egyptian culture as being an impediment to scientific progress.
Farouk El-Baz is an Egyptian-American geologist who advised NASA on landing sites on the moon and has advised Arab governments on where to drill for water.

Mehran Kardar is an Iranian-American professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a major contributor to the theoretical understanding of random dynamic systems such as particles in quantum mechanics.

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Mirzakhani_original

Maryam Mirzakhani

MATHEMATICS PRIZE WINNER

Iranian-American Maryam Mirzakhani (1977 – ) earned her PhD at Harvard. She was awarded the 2014 Fields Medal [the “Nobel Prize” of mathematics] for her contributions to symmetry of curved surfaces. Her work has some implications for quantum field theory and the formation of the universe.
https://youtu.be/swLWqlKMl5M

[The war during her childhood was the Iran-Iraq war.]

A photograph with her hair not covered has appeared on the internet in Iran, setting off a controversy. Under Iranian Sharia Law, she could be sent to jail for a year in Iran, even though she was outside of Iran at the time her hair was not covered.
I have not been able to determine whether her Czech-American husband is a Muslim or not.

Image by unknown photographer, via Stanford University.

Image credit https://mathematics.stanford.edu/people/name/maryam-mirzakhani/



20170226_002440Omar M. Yaghi’s models of extremely high surface area materials

SPONGY MATERIAL
Omar M. Yaghi (1965 – ) is a Jordanian-Palestinian-American chemistry professor educated in the United States.
He designed compounds that have extremely high surface area and have applications in capturing and storing gases.


NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
Mostafa El-Sayed (1933 – ) and Ahmed H. Zewail (1946 – 2016) both were Egyptian-Americans with a PhD from a university in the United States who used laser flashes to study chemical reactions.
Ahmed H. Zewail won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1999 for his research using ultrashort picosecond laser pulses. He has criticized Egyptian culture as being an impediment to scientific progress.


SATELLITE PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Farouk El-Baz (1938 – ) is an Egyptian-American with a PhD in geology from the Missouri University of Science and Technology, and did research at MIT. He is an expert in determining geological features by examining satellite images.
He has advised Arab governments on where to drill for water.
At NASA he selected geologically interesting landing sites for manned missions on the moon, and taught astronauts what rocks to look for and how best to photograph them.

MATHEMATICS OF RANDOM SYSTEMS
Mehran Kardar (1960? – ) is an Iranian-American professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a major contributor to the theoretical understanding of random dynamic systems such as particles in quantum mechanics and the growth of bacteria colonies. He is the K of the KPZ equation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kardar%E2%80%93Parisi%E2%80%93Zhang_equation

FUZZY MATH

Iranian-Americans count mathematician Lotfi Asker Zadeh (1921 – ) (who invented fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic) as an Iranian-American. His father was Iranian, and his mother was of Russian Jewish ancestry. He was educated in the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan until age 10, and then attended a Christian (Presbyterian) missionary school in Iran. I have not been able to locate any information about his religious beliefs.

PARTICLE PHYSICS

American-Canadian Nima Arkani-Hamed (1972 – ) is a professor of theoretical physics. He was a pioneer in the formulation of the little Higgs model of particle physics.

He is of Iranian ancestry. I think he is an Ismaili (Shia Sevener) Muslim, but I have not been able to confirm this. In 2008 he was awarded the Sackler Prize of Tel Aviv University.

QUANTUM GRAVITY
Cumrun Vafa (1960 – ) is an Iranian-American mathematician with a PhD from Princeton. He is a professor at Harvard University doing research on quantum gravity and string theory.

Image cropped from image by Boasap (talk), via Wikimedia Commons.
image credit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Yaghi3.jpg

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